British Hops

VARIETY BITTERNESS USES
Admiral 11 to 16 % Bittering in ales
Newer high alpha. Replacement for Target. Similar to Northdown and Challenger.
Bramling Cross 4.5 to 8 % Aroma in bitters, extra special bitters and pale ales
Developed, by crossing Bramling with Manitoba, as a wilt-resistant Goldings replacement. Released in 1927. Has mild blackcurrant, lemony characteristics. Substitutes include Kent Golding, Progress and Whitbread Golding Variety.
Brewer's Gold 6 to 9 % Bittering in ales.
Quite bitter with poor aroma. Similar to Bullion. Imparts negligible aroma.
Bullion 5 to 9 % Bittering in India pale ale, stout and extra special bitter
Bullion never took off (even though it was one of the original high-alpha hops and first grown in 1919) and its popularity is declining. It is from Goldings stock, but does not have the flavor or aroma of a typical Goldings. It is very neutral and requires at least a 60-minute boil to extract its bitterness. It is rich with an intense blackcurrant aroma. Good for bittering stouts and dark ales. Also used in English ales and heavier German lagers. Columbus, Northern Brewer, Brewer's Gold and German Brewer's Gold can be substituted
Challenger 6 to 9 % Bittering, aroma and dry hopping in English ales, porter, stout, bitter and extra special bitter
Britain's second-most-popular hop, Challenger is mild, with good aroma and a typical English hop taste. It is fairly bitter for a hop from Britain. US or German Perle and Northern Brewer can be subsituted.
East Kent Goldings 4 to 7 % Bittering, aroma and dry hoppingin all English ales
Has a pleasant, mild spicy, floral, earthy, rounded aroma and a spicy flavor. Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety and Progress can be substituted.
Eastwell Golding 5 to 7 % Bittering, aroma and dry hopping
Closely represents other types of English Goldings. First grown before 1889.
First Gold 6 - 9 % Bittering and aroma in ale
Whitbread Goldings cross with a nice Goldings character, although not as mild as East Kent Goldings. Spicy.
Fuggle 4 to 5 % Aroma and dry hopping
Britain's second-best hop, Fuggles is used mainly in dark ales, milds and stout. This variety has a fantastic aroma, but is susceptible to wilt, as is Goldings, and its production is declining yearly. Propogated in 1875.
Goldings 4 to 6 % Aroma and dry hopping in any English beer
Considered to be Britain's finest hop, with a fine aroma and flavor. Because of its high price and low bitterness, commercial brewers rarely use it alone. Dates from 1790. Substitution is difficult, but Whitbread Golding Variety, Progress and perhaps Fuggle are possible.
Northdown 7 to 10 % Bittering, aroma and dry hopping in all ales
Britain's third-most-popular hop is replacing its parent, Northern Brewer, which does not have as good aroma or flavor. It is fruity with some spiciness. Released in 1971.
Northern Brewer 7 to 10 % Bittering, aroma and dry hopping in bitter, extra special bitter, English pale ale and porter
Fine, fragrant aroma. One of the original hybrid hops, but is becoming more and more rare as it is replaced by modern varieties. Called Hallertauer NB in Germany, where it is also grown. Similar to Hallertau Mittelfrueh and very bitter for a Hallertau.
Omega 9 to 10 % Bittering
Omega was released in the mid-'80s and is already being used by Courage despite it being in its formative years.
Phoenix (UK) 4 to 5.5 % Bittering and aroma in all British ales
Similar to Northdown, Kent Golding and Challenger
Progress 5 to 8 % Aroma in ales, bitter, extra special bitter and porter
The rarest of British hops, Progress is likely to soon be extinct. It was introduced in the mid-1960s as a wilt-free Fuggles replacement. Has a pungent, fruity aroma. Is slightly sweeter than Fuggle (which with East Kent Goldings it is a subsitutute) and provides a softer
Saxon 6 to 7 % Bittering, aroma and dry hopping
English hop released to meet the need for a higher alpha-acid hop. No longer grown.
Target 9 to 12 % Bittering in all ales and lagers
Used almost exclusively for bittering, this variety now accounts for 40 per cent of Britain's hop production. Has a pleasant English hop aroma but is quite intense.
Whitbread Goldings Variety (WGV) 5 to 8 % Aroma in ales
Whitbread Goldings Variety is something of a misnoma for this hybrid hop, as it is actually classed as a Fuggles replacement. Traditional English hop with a pleasant, sweet, fruity aroma. Possible substitutes are East Kent Golding and Progress.
Yeoman 10 to 11 % Bittering
Similar to Target, but it is more mellow, making it suitable for use in lagers.
Zenith 9 % Bittering
For quite a bitter hop, Zenith has good aroma.

European Hops

VARIETY ORIGIN BITTERNESS USES
Backa Yugoslavia < 3 % Finishing
An old, rare, Yugoslavian hop with low yields.
Boor Czech Republic 7 to 9% Bittering and Aroma
New variety. Northern Brewer/Saaz ancestry.
Brewer's Gold Germany 6 to 7% Bittering in heavy German-style lagers
Blackcurrant, fruity, spicy characters. Northdown, Northern Brewer, Galena and Bullion can be substituted.
Elsasser France < 2 to 6% Aroma
Used in light ales and lagers. Old French variety. Also grown in Australia. Delicate flavor and aroma. Rare.
Hallertau Hersbrucker Germany 2.5 to 5.5 % Bittering and aroma in lager, bock, wheat and maybe pilsner
Both these varieties of Hallertau are delicate, flowery and spicy.
With Saaz, Hallertau is the classic Continental European lager hop and is ideal for any lager, light or dark. Has a crisp, clean taste. Also used in some milder-tasting ales. The Hersbrucker variety is a replacement for the Mittelfrueh.
Hallertau Mittelfrueh Germany 3 to 5 %
Hallertau Tradition (Tradition) Germany 4 to 6 % Bittering and aroma in lager and pilsner
New disease-resistant Hallertau. More aromatic than Hallertau Hersbrucker and Mittelfrueh.
Hersbrucker Germany 2 to 5% Bittering and aroma in Lager, pilsner, bock and wheat beers
Drier and spicier than Hallertauer. Most important aroma variety in Germany. Mount Hood and Strisslespalt are similar. Mild to semi-strong, but pleasant.
Orion Germany 6 to 8 % Bittering and aroma
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Perle Germany 5 to 9.5 % Bittering and aroma German-style beers, US pale ale, US porter
Has a pleasant, slightly crisp, spicy aroma and can be used for most lagers except pilsner. Similar aroma to Hallertauer Mittelfrueh. Can also be used sparingly for a slightly spicy, green-hop aroma. Subsitutues include Northern Brewer, Cluster, Galena and Chinook. US and German varieties of Perle are very similar.
Polnischer (Polish) Lublin
(Lublin, Lubelski)
Poland 2 to 5 % Aroma mainly in pilsner
Refined, spicy aroma, similar to Saaz, from which it is bred.
Saaz Bohemia 4 to 5 % Bitterness and aroma in, famously, pilsner
The most famous of all aroma hops, Saaz is fresh and cleansing. It is very mild with pleasant hoppy notes. It is essential for pilseners and also used in Belgian ales. Polish Lublin is similar, but nothing can really substitute for Saaz.
Serebrianker Russia ? ?
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Sladek Czech Republic 9 to 10 % Bittering and aroma
New dual purpose Czech hop with some Saaz characteristics.
Spalt
(Spalter)
Germany 3 to 6 % Bittering and aroma in lager
Continental hop, used in lager and similar to Saaz and Tettnang. It has a pleasant, slightly spicy aroma and is widely used in German altbier. Spalter Select is almost identical and can be used in its place.
Spalter select Germany 3 to 6 % Bittering and aroma in lager, particularly pilsner
Hallertauer-like aroma. Replacement for traditional Spalter.
Strisselspalt France 3 to 5 % Aroma in pilsner, lager and wheat beer
Similar to Hersbrucker, with a medium intensity and pleasant hoppiness. Mount Hood and Crystal are possible substitutes.
Styrian Goldings
(seedless Fuggles)
Yugoslavia 4 to 7 % Bittering, aroma and dry hopping all English ales, some Belgian ales and some lagers
Despite its name, it is a variety of Fuggle, grown seedless in Slovenia. It is delicate and slightly spicy. Fuggle is a substitute.
Tettnang
(Tettnanger)
Germany 3 to 6 % Aroma in German lager, ale and spalt, and American ales
Fine, spicy aroma for all German beers. Similar to Saaz and Spalt and spicier that Hallertauer. European-grown varieties have half the yield, but a similar bitterness, of US-grown plants.

Australian Hops

HOP VARIETY BITTERNESS USES
Golden Cluster 7 to 9 % Bittering and aroma hop
This relatively new hop variety is used in many premium Australian beers.
Pride of Ringwood 8 to 11 % Bittering in Australian lagers and ales
Pride of Ringwood is the only hop used in most Australian beers and has an very high bitterness. It has a quite pronounced, woody, earthy and herbal character. Overuse results in coarse, harsh bitterness. Minimum 60 minute boil recommended. Developed by Carlton & United Breweries and was the world's highest-bitterness hop when it was released in 1965. Similar to Galena and Cluster.
Van Diemen Low Aroma hop
A very new variety. James Boag's claims its Honey Porter was the first beer to use this hop, in 2003.

New Zealand Hops

HOP VARIETY BITTERNESS USES
Green Bullet 11 to 13 % Bittering and aroma hop
Very bitter, but with good aroma for use in lagers.
Hallertau Triploid 8 to 10 % Bittering and aroma hop
Good aroma and a quite high bitterness. Use in European lagers.
Pacific Gem 13 to 15 % Bittering and aroma
High bitterness and good aroma.
Sticklebract 11 to 12 % Bittering
Low aroma means Sticklebract is only used for bittering.
Super Alpha 10 to 12 % Bittering and aroma hop
A similar hop to Green Bullet, but slightly less bitter.

American Hops

HOP VARIETY BITTERNESS USES
Amarillo 6 to 9 % Bittering and aroma in ales and India pale ales
Floral, citrusy, similar to Cascade, but with a slightly higher alpha acid level. Substitutes include Centennial.
Aquila 6 to 8 % Bittering and aroma
Similar to Cluster. Released in 1987. Not widely used.
Banner 9 to 11 % Aroma
Similar to Aquila and Cluster.
Blue Northern Brewer N/A
Sibling of Northern Brewer. Has dark purplish or blueish leaves and stems and is primarily ornamental.
Cascade 4.5 to 8 % Bittering, aroma and dry hopping of pale ale, india pale ale, porter and barleywine
This variety is used widely in American beers, and almost exclusively in West Coast ales, and imparts a pleasant citrusy (usually grapefruit), zesty flavor and floral/citrus aroma. It was released in 1972 and one of the most recognisable US hops. Developed via open pollination of a Fuggle seedling, which was a cross between Fuggle and the Russian hop Serebrianker. Centennial and Amarillo can be substituted.
Centennial 9 to 12 % Aroma, bittering and dry hopping in all ales and sometimes wheat beers
Spicy, floral, citrus aroma like Cascade but a much higher bitterness. Quite popular in the US. Released in 1990. A subsitute is Cascade.
Chinook 11 to 14 % Bittering in pale ale, India pale ale, stout, porter and lager
Heavy, earthy, spicy aroma which can be astringent in large quantities. Medium aroma. Has a distinct piney, almost smoky character that not all find pleasant. Released in 1985 and becoming more popular. Brewer's Gold, Bullion, Galena, Nugget, Columbus, Northern Brewer and Target can be subsitituted. Minimum boil of 60 minutes recommended. Goldings ancestry.
Cluster 5.5 to 8.5 % Bittering
Used widely, but has a poor aroma and a sharp taste. Some consider it to be a general-purpose hop as it is used for aroma in some ales. One of the oldest US hops.
Columbus 10 to 16 % Bittering and Aroma in India pale ale, pale ale and stout
A relatively new variety grown in the US northwest that is gaining in popularity. Very pungent aroma, clean bittering properties. High bitterness. Substitutes include Nugget, Chinook, Target and Northern Brewer
Columbia 5 - 6 % Bittering and Aroma
Sibling of Willamette, triploid with a Fuggle parent. Released in 1976. Often substituted for Fuggle.
Crystal 2 to 4.5 % Aroma in all lager and bitter ale
Bred as an American-grown substitute for Hallertau Mittelfruh, as are Liberty and Mt Hood. Crystal is regarded as the best of the three. Also similar to Hersbrucker and Strisslespalt. Flavor more spicy than floral.
Eroica 9 to 14% Bittering in wheat beer and ales, particularly darker ales and stout
General-purpose bittering hop. Strong but pleasant aroma. Similar to Northern Brewer. Brewer's Gold ancestry with typical English characteristics.
First Gold 6 to 9 % Bittering and aroma
Dwarf hop with fine English Golding character.
Galena 11 to 14 % Bittering in ale, porter, stout, extra special bitter and bitter
General-purpose bittering hop which, like Eroica, is similar to Northern Brewer. Released in 1978. From a selection of seedlings from Brewer's Gold. Best used in small quantites as it can impart a coarse, harsh bitterness if overused. The most popular high alpha-acid hop in the US. Minimum 60 minute boil recommended. Citrusy. Nugget, Pride of Ringwood and Chinook can be subsitutued.
Herald 11 to 13 % Bittering
New high-alpha acid dwarf.
Liberty 2.5 to 6 % Aroma in lager, pilsner, bock and wheat beers
Fine, very mild floral and fruity aroma for German style lagers. Can be slightly spicy. Similar to Hallertauer and Mt Hood. Suitable for all lagers. Reportedly named after the Gulf War.
Mount Hood 3 to 8 % Aroma in lager, pilsner, bock and wheat beers
Mount Hood is similar to Hallertau and can be substituted in European lagers when Hallertau is called for. Also similar to Strisslespalt. Mild, plesant and clean aroma but can be pungent and resiny. Released in 1989.
Nugget 7 to 14.5 % Bittering and aroma
Heavy, spicy, herbal aroma and strong bittering. Similar to Chinook, Columbus, Target and Galena. Released in 1983 and the second-most-popular high-bitterness hop in the US. Strong lineage from Brewer's Gold.
Olympic 11 to 13 % Bittering
Spicy with a moderate citrusy aroma. Similar to Chinook.
Phoenix (US) 8 to 12 % Bittering and aroma
Attractive English aroma with high alpha-acid.
Pioneer 8 to 10 % Bittering and aroma in ales
New dwarf variety with clean bitterness and mild English aroma, similar to East Kent Golding.
Santium (Santiam) 5 to 7 % Bittering and aroma in the US in lager, American ales and pilsner
Grown in Washington. Noble-type hop, with aroma similar to Tettnang and decent alpha acid for bittering.
Shinsu Wase 4 to 6 % Aroma
Spicy, refined character. Saaz and American ancestry.
Sterling 6 to 9 % Finishing (late) in US ales, German-style lagers and pilsners.
Sterling is a Northwest hop developed with more than 50 per cent Czech Saaz . A very delicate hop with lots of noble character, but with a higher alpha than many other noble hops such as Saaz or Mittlefruh. Saaz, Polish Lublin Herbal, spicy, pleasant aroma, hint of floral and citrus.
Taurus 12 to 15 % Bittering
Ultra high-alpha acid with German characteristics.
Talisman 7 to 9 % Bittering and aroma
An improved Cluster variety.
Tettnang (US)
(Tettnanger)
4 to 6 % Aroma
Tettnang is used in lagers and has a floral aroma. US varieties have twice the yield of their European parents.
Ultra 2 to 5% Aroma in lager, pilsner and wheat. Finishing in ales
A recent strain that is a cross between Hallertau Mittelfrueh and a Saaz clone. It has a nice, strong floral aroma and a hint of spice, similar to Saaz. Liberty, Hallertauer Tradition and Saaz are possible substitutes. Is a well regarded hop, with some Saaz-like qualities and aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.
Willamette 4 to 6 % Bittering, aroma and dry hopping in most British-style beers
America's answer to Fuggles, which it can be used in place of. Can also be substituted with Tettnanger and Styrian Goldings. A little more spicy than Fuggles. Mild and pleasant and a little earthy. Nice bittering with a light, fruity flavor and aroma. Very versatile. Released in 1976. Grown seedless.
Yakima Magnum
(Magnum)
9 - 17 % Bittering in all beers
Spicy, citrusy, super-high alpha bittering hop from the Pacific North-West. German taste characteristics.
Zeus 13 to 17 % Bittering and aroma
Propagated by S.S. Steiner in 1997. Pungent, almost flowery. A high alpha-acid hop with a highly aromatic, pleasant profile. Similar to Columbus.